Paavo Tynell (1890-1973), a Finnish lighting designer, is recognized as one of the pioneers of modern lighting design. His artistry is renowned for its elegant and sophisticated form, which is at the same time functional and illuminating. His style is characterized by the use of materials such as brass and perforated metal patterns that create a gentle and warm glow. In this article, I aim to explore the unique characteristics of Tynell’s work and its impact on the world of modern lighting.
The Early Years
Tynell’s career began when he started working as a blacksmith’s apprentice. He went on to start his own company, Taito Oy, which specialized in interior design and lighting products. He became known for his high-quality craftsmanship and extensive knowledge of lighting. Tynell’s designs were particularly notable for their innovative use of materials, such as perforated metal and brass, which helped to create a soft glow in the spaces they were used in. This was in contrast to the harsher and more direct lighting commonly used in the early 20th century.
Innovations in Design
Tynell’s approach to lighting design was unique in that he focused on integrating light fixtures into the overall interior design. He believed that lighting should enhance the aesthetic of a space, rather than simply provide functional illumination. his designs often featured intricate patterns, such as leaves, flowers, and snowflakes, that cast delicate shadows on the walls and ceilings. These patterns would change depending on the position and angle of the light source, creating an ever-changing atmosphere in the room.
Tynell’s artistry also extended to the use of color in his designs. He experimented with colored glass, such as in his famous “Aurora Borealis” series, which featured shades of blue and green inspired by the Northern Lights. Tynell also used acrylics, which were a new material at the time, to diffuse the light and create a more gentle effect.
The Tynell Style
Tynell’s style is characterized by its organic and natural shapes, which reflect his love for nature. His designs often feature subtle curves, spirals, and branching shapes which gently guide the eye around the room. Despite their ornate appearance, Tynell’s designs are understated and elegant, never overwhelming the space they occupy.
Another key aspect of Tynell’s style is his attention to detail. Everything, from the screws and bolts to the perforated patterns and glass shades, was carefully crafted to ensure a harmonious and balanced design. Tynell was also known for his extensive use of brass, which he used to create sturdy and durable fixtures that would last for generations.
Tynell continued to work throughout his life, and his designs remained popular well into the 21st century. His legacy is apparent in the many modern lighting designers who continue to be inspired by his style and craftsmanship. Tynell’s work can be found in homes, offices, and public spaces across the world, a testament to his enduring influence on the world of lighting design.